Category Archives: Photos

Monthly Newsletter September 2015

Grietjie-Newsletter-September 2015

CHAIRMAN’S REPORT by Marius Porteus

 

Fellow Grietjie owners,

As you will recall the Grietjie Private Nature Reserve annual general meeting was held on 29 August 2015 and was well attended by signed up members. This year’s AGM must certainly go down as one of the smoothest since inception. This is proof of consensus amongst members on progress, priorities and strategy and that we are maturing as a private nature reserve and moving closer to official nature reserve status.

We therefore thank and congratulate Hans Schmid and the outgoing committee of 2014/15 for a job well done and for Johan Grobler and the Grietjie staff for serving Grietjie well the past year. We also wish our new Reserve Manager, Gerrie van Zyl all the best with his new responsibilities.

 

Subsequent to the August AGM the new elected committee for 2015/16 held the first committee meeting on Saturday 12 September and the portfolios for 2015/16 was finalised and is presented in the table below:

 

Name Capacity Address Contact number e-mail Resident
Marius Porteus Chairman Grietjie  96 083 235 5685 mariusp@foskor.co.za No
Michael Kristensen Vice Chairman, Owner Liaison Grietjie  109 073 468 3522 mail@mbizi.dk Yes
Loek Bleeker Treasurer Grietjie . 110 +27767721457 (RSA)+31622602499 (NL ) gnrtreasurer@gmail.com No
Co-opted: Marilda Wiegand Secretary, Editor Tenant, Grietjie  85 082 906 3585 marilda@bushveldterrace.co.za Yes
Jan Caspers CARE, CAP’s, Security Grietjie  22 0716364323 johanniscaspers@gmail.com Yes
Pierre Ackermann Infrastructure, Roads Grietjie  75 082 852 1371 ackermannhoutwerke@gmail.com No
Mike Clulow Human Capital Grietjie  54 082  493 9523 clulowm@lantic.net No
Co-opted: Gerrie van Zyl Reserve Manager Grietjie  94/95 079 034 5917  warden082 818 7533  private  grietjiewarden@gmail.com Yes
Marc van der Walt Grietjie Comms & Newsletter Grietjie  43 078 127 1244 Marcrijn59@gmail.com No
Geo Olivier  Special Projects Grietjie  59 083 627 3117 Geo@lantic.net No
Paul Venter Special Projects Grietjie 67 082 660 2701 osebeni@vodamail.co.za No

 

 

 

The following Grietjie members will also render support to the committee.

 

Name Capacity Address Contact number e-mail Resident
Blackie de Swardt Relieve Reserve Manager, Maintenance Grietjie  81 082 968 1311 laumelinda@vodamail.co.za Yes
Theunis Trollip Roads Grietjie 45 082 492 4712072 258 8871 theunistrollip76@gmail.com Yes

On behalf of all the Grietjie members we thank you for your willingness to serve on the committee. The new committee members are literary from all corners of the country and world and we will have to embrace technology to allow us to communicate and function properly.

 

Primary objective for 2015/16

The objectives will be to ensure we uphold the Grietjie constitution. However, listening to comments made by members at the AGM, I have extracted the following as focus areas for the committee for 2015/16 although not limited to these:

Access control:

Safety and security should be priority and through reliable access control we can go a long way to achieve this. The new committee will work on initiatives to improve this further. The Grietjie Balule entrance is the face of Grietjie to visitors and we want them to have a “wow” experience. This is after all one of the “entrances” to the Greater Kruger National Park area.

 

Roads:

For many this is most probably one of the most important requirements and I agree. We can only enjoy our environment if we can get around too. Major portions of our internal tar roads are deteriorating and we need to do something or lose it. At this stage it is still an asset although costs are increasing to maintain it. Careful consideration will be given on the way forward. With new equipment purchased during 2014/15 we should be in a better position to maintain the internal gravel roads too. Unfortunately better roads also lead to some misuse. Speeding in the reserve is a concern. The committee will also attempt to make all road users more aware of speed limits and the danger this poses to animals. We urge owners their guests and contractors to respect speed limits.

 

The aesthetics:

When driving through Grietjie we all want to get that feeling you are surrounded by untouched nature. Since the early 2000, committees have done a lot to remove the unsightly and we would like to continue with this. The committee has already agreed to address the “borrow pit” or soil excavation pit on Maggie’s Hill where soil was removed to maintain roads. It was decided that this will be rehabilitated as best we can and that no more excavation pits will be made next to game viewing roads. Ruins and other unsightly man made structure visible from the game viewing roads will with permission of owners be removed or made less visible.

 

Growing the member base:

As Hans Schmid has indicated in the August chairpersons’ report, signed up members is at an all-time high. This is however not sufficient to one day obtain Nature Reserve status and we as committee will continue to engage and encourage non-member owners and new owners to sign up to the Grietjie constitution.

 

General feedback

We kindly requests owners to not allow staff to wonder outside of controlled areas for their own safety. We have encountered staff walking on the reserve and this after sunset. Please make your staff aware of the risk of wild animals.

We also encourage owners to engage with Jan Caspers to ensure their employees are issued with ID tags. This will help the gate guards to ensure only authorised people enter the reserve. Jan Caspers can be contacted with regards to “name tags” for staff.

On a more positive note, we are looking forward to summer to arrive and trust the recent good early spring rain will bring some relief to what has been a very dry 2014/15 summer and winter so far.

We also want to welcome the new owners of plot 104, Tony Marques to the Grietjie family and wish them many happy years in the bush.

We have also appointed a new Grietjie staff member, Tshepo Shai. He has been appointed as gate guard and also has experience as ranger. We are looking forward to his positive contribution.

Upcoming meetings are the Balule Committee meeting that is taking place in October and will be hosted by Olifants North Game Reserve.

 

As in the past we will continue to update you through the monthly newsletter on progress made on committed projects, safety, security and matters concerning you as members. We want to encourage two way communications between members and the committee so please make use of our community email grietjiecomms@gmail.com or by contacting any of the committee members on the numbers provided in the table above.

 

 

MUNICIPAL RATES & TAXES by H Schmid

Please be advised that the municipality has changed the tariff on the July 2015 invoices. Whereas some of the fortunate ones may have paid the lesser tariff in the past, the majority only had their tariff reduced as of 1 July 2015. Zoning has been retained as agricultural.

If you divide by the annual levy (bottom right hand side of invoice) by the valuation of your property a factor of 0.0025 (or 0, 25%) should be the correct answer. The annual levy is divided by 12 to give you the invoiced monthly “property rate”.

As we have been requesting the municipality that the rate of 0, 25% be applicable to all Grietjie properties that are used for residential purposes and they have now applied the correct rate, we encourage that all Grietjie owners now to pay their current invoices based on this 0, 25%.

To those that have been charged a higher rate in the past (I am one of them) there is the problem in sorting out the arrear account that attracts an interest charge every month. I have submitted a letter to the Municipal Manager requesting that the current tariff be backdated and that I be given a credit for the “overcharge”. I was advised that I should have an answer from his office within 2 weeks. I submitted this letter on 9 September and will inform you of the outcome.

 

 

WARDEN’S REPORT by Gerrie van Zyl

 

We were blessed with good rain on Friday 4th and Saturday 5th September. A total of 36mm fell in this time. The Elephants are a handful due to the drought. The Elephant with the injured leg is recovering well and we are monitoring it closely.

 

The rangers moved into their new accommodation on plot 64 which is an improvement from what was previously used. It is our intension to improvements this further to make their accommodation more comfortable. We interviewed 2 candidates for the vacant gate guard position and I am pleased to announce that we have appointed one candidate, Tsepho Shai. He has started on 15 September.

 

The game count revealed a migration of mainly waterbuck to Olifants North from us because of more grass.


 

RAINFALL AND TEMPERATURE STATS by Ian Owtram

GET TO KNOW THE GRIETJIE STAFF by Marc van der Walt

This month we welcome and introduce two new staff members, Dennis and Tshepo.

Dennis

Dennis has been employed as a ranger. He obtained a Gr 12 & level 4 ABET certification and he resides in Namakgale, Phalaborwa. He has previous ranger experience gained at Crock-Ranch.

 

Tsepho

Tshepo has been employed as a gate guard / ranger. He obtained a Gr 10 qualification and he resides in Lenyenye, Tzaneen. He has previous ranger, tracker, skinning and driver experience gained at Mafigeni Safari Lodge .

 

 

NEWSWORTHY ARTICLES

 

Article from The Eagle’s Eye Newsletter, Endangered Wildlife Trust Birds of Prey Programme, August 2015.

An Introduction to the K2C Hooded Vulture Project

In February this year I received an email from the GreenMatter Trust, saying I’d been awarded a postdoctoral fellowship to study Hooded Vultures. Three months later, I relocated from Pietermaritzburg to Hoedspruit, in my new study area: the Kruger-to-Canyons Biosphere Reserve. This reserve comprises 2.6 million ha, and travelling throughout this area would be a sharp contrast to how I had spent all of my working hours over the last three years; in a single building, studying the metabolic rate of Cape White-eyes for my PhD. I was thrilled at the prospect of doing fieldwork again, and in some of the most beautiful reserves in South Africa.

 

Hooded Vultures (Necrosyrtes monachus) are widespread throughout Africa, but are threatened by habitat loss, poisoning, and the illegal muthi trade. Their numbers have declined dramatically in the last 50 years and their global

population is currently regarded as endangered. Yet, there are very few studies one can find about these birds, so there is a need to understand their basic biology if we are to protect and conserve them.

 

The K2C Hooded Vulture Project will focus primarily on Hooded Vultures’ movements (i.e. where do juveniles disperse to, and how much of their time do adults and juveniles stay within protected areas?), as well as their nest site selection and breeding biology, and their feeding ecology (how do they interact with other scavengers at food sources, and is anthrax a threat to them?).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lindy on a nest survey in KNP_Photo by John Davies

 

My collaborators in the K2C Hooded Vulture Project include André Botha, the Endangered Wildlife Trust’s (EWT) Birds of Prey Programme Manager, Dr Campbell Murn of the Hawk Conservancy Trust in the UK, Dr Keith Bildstein

of the Hawk Mountain Sanctuary in the USA, and Prof Colleen Downs, my supervisor at the University of KwaZulu-Natal.

 

My first meeting with André Botha in May was cut short when he received a call that an elephant had been electrocuted on a fence in Phalaborwa. The reserve manager had dragged the carcass to a nearby vulture restaurant, and André and I spent the afternoon observing the White-backed, Hooded and Lappetfaced Vultures as they squabbled and jostled for food. The next day, André and I were continuing with our meeting, when he received another call, this time informing him of a poisoning at a farm near Hoedspruit. An hour later we were at the site, collecting dry wood to burn the carcasses and sterilise the site; 65 vultures and one Tawny Eagle had been killed in a single poisoning.

Samples were taken to the state vet for toxicology analysis, and then we burned every single bird. There was only one Hooded Vulture at the site, a juvenile.

 

Hooded Vulture nest contents Photo by Lindy Thompson & John Davies

 

Since then, I have been incredibly lucky to access some truly stunning areas for my fieldwork. In June I joined a team of volunteers on the 5-day Pels Fishing Owl survey along the Olifants River in the Kruger National Park, where I paid special attention to the Hooded Vultures I saw along the way. In July I joined another group on their 3-day Pels Fishing Owl survey in the Grietjie/Olifants Game Reserves. Not only was I able to locate a number of Hooded Vultures and their nests, I was also fortunate to have 5 sightings of Pels Fishing Owls, something most birders only dream of. As you can probably tell, I am really enjoying my fieldwork, and the travelling and networking it involves.

 

I am also extremely grateful to the managers and land owners who have granted me land access, some have even provided accommodation and staff to assist me on walks and/or drives while searching for Hooded Vulture nests.

 

This project would not be possible without their help. So a big thank-you to the following for their assistance: the Agricultural Research Council; Cleveland Game Reserve; Grietjie Private Nature Reserve; Hoedspruit Wildlife Estate; Kapama Private Game Reserve; Klaserie Private Game Reserve; Lawson’s Birding, Wildlife and Custom Safaris; Makalali Private Game Reserve; Ndlopfu Private Game Reserve; Ndlovumzi Nature Reserve; Nstiri Game Reserve; Olifants North Game Reserve; Umbabat Game Reserve; Pidwa Game Reserve; Selati Private Game Reserve; Timbavati Game Reserve; Tulloh Farm; Ukhozi Game Reserve; and UniFattoria Farm.

 

In the last 2 months, with the help of various landowners and volunteers, I have located 40 Hooded Vulture nests, 16 of which are active. Hooded Vultures generally breed along rivers in Jackalberries or Matumis, in stick nests positioned 15-20m above the ground. Despite various suggestions of how to reach the nest (including ‘let me just

winch you up’), and to the amusement of some wardens, I decided to do a tree climbing course, to enable me to climb trees safely with ropes and a harness, to install cameras at nests. This will allow me to monitor the birds’

breeding with minimal disturbance, and the cameras can be removed after the chicks have fledged. In the coming weeks I hope to install camera traps at various Hooded Vulture nests and also at vulture restaurants, to monitor

their feeding biology.

 

The project will continue until January 2018, when many of the questions we are asking will have been answered, and we will be able to provide information on Hooded Vulture movements and biology to all of the landowners in the study area, to inform species management plans within protected areas. In the meantime, if anyone has Hooded Vulture nests on their properties, please get in touch with me by e-mail at lindojano@yahoo.com.

 

Lindy Thompson

Postdoctoral Researcher

University of KwaZulu-Natal

 

Monthly Newsletter August 2015

Grietjie Newsletter Aug 2015 for web

Pels

image by Lindy Thompson

COMMITTEE UPDATE         by Hans Schmid

Donation

Our immense gratitude goes to Ian and Penny Lourens (#100 & 70) for an extremely generous donation to the value of R30,000. The donation will be used for specific items: a new laptop for the Reserve Manager, cupboards and new mattresses for our staff, some traffic calming measures on the access road, road name bollards and enhancement of the Main Gate entrance.

Ian and Penny, we really appreciate your concern for the wellbeing of Grietjie. Thank you very much from all of us.

Game drive vehicles

There seems to be an influx of game drive vehicles on Grietjie. As these vehicles are not marked with our logo and to make them identifiable as Grietjie vehicles, can all these vehicle owners please put their plot number on display.

grietjie-sticker

  • This sticker is 300m wide x 200mm high and can be obtained from PNS (015 781 1528 ). Contact Sondra, the cost per sign is R35.00 +VAT.
  • Two stickers are required, one on the driver’s door and one on the back of the vehicle.

Any game drive vehicle passing through the Main Gate must also have the relevant Grietjie entrance sticker displaying the current year number.

Bush-meat poacher caught

Theunis Trollip investigated and did the footwork to trap a snare poacher along the river. Gerrie then caught him red handed. Well done to both of you. It is mainly the staff of non-resident owners who are involved in snaring and poaching. It is the owner’s responsibility to control employees; anyone who is caught involved in illegal activities will be banned and blacklisted from Grietjie with immediate effect. Please warn your employees of the consequences of poaching.

Tractor, grader and trailer

tractor

Our grader has been delivered and Blackie has obtained a tip-trailer at a cost of R60,000 (including transport to Grietjie).

Farewell

With sadness we announce the recent passing away of Ernest Vosloo (#125), one of our long-time residents on Grietjie. A month ago, Danie Pio the part owner of 115, also passed away. Our condolences to both families and to their close friends.

 

BALULE PEL’S FISHING OWL SURVEY 2015         by Sharon Schmid

pels2

Slogging through deep sand, picking our way over river boulders and following game paths that criss-crossed up and down banks and between thorn bushes, two teams of birders and wardens hiked from plot 117 on Grietjie to Three Bridges at Mica searching for the elusive and increasingly rare Pel’s owl. Starting at 7:00H and walking till midday, we covered about 43km over three days.

The survey is conducted on behalf of EWT as part of their Birds of Prey programme. All birds reliant on the river are counted (as well as hippos and crocodiles), in an attempt to monitor the health of the river and the status of these birds. Vultures and their nests are also counted as Balule is considered an important conservation area for the hooded vulture.

This year Dr Lindy Thompson, who is researching hooded vultures, joined us and was delighted to find so many active hooded vulture nests on Grietjie. She will be returning to continue research on breeding pairs.

The survey has been conducted since 2007 and wardens tell of numerous Pel’s sightings in the past. However, over the past 3 years one bird in 2013, two birds in 2014, and four birds this year, were recorded. Of the four birds recorded this year, one was seen on Grietjie, one on ONGR, one on Ukhosi, and one on Parsons. Of course the owls prefer not emerging in daylight as they are often mobbed by louries and starlings among other birds, so these may not have been solitary birds and it’s quite possible that we failed to flush both owls in a pair.

Joe Pearson will be correlating and submitting the data and our thanks go to him for organising the 2015 Balule survey.

RAINFALL AND TEMPERATURE STATS         by Ian Owtram

rainfall

COMMITTEE OR COMMITTED, THE GRIETJIE EXPERIENCE         by Maxine Smith

This time last year, I was preparing myself for my second attendance at a Grietjie AGM.  I had some idea what to expect, but was not prepared for what actually happened!  It was a long day (something I know will be improved on this year), where we sat most the day going through the business of the AGM.  We got to the elections and there was some considerable ‘dragging of feet’ with some reluctance for people to come forward to dedicate a few hours each month for committee business to support the management of the reserve.  I have to say, I was one of those in attendance who got involved in the discussions of the day, I found the interaction with other members very useful and enlightening.  What I was not prepared for was being offered up to take a seat on the committee.  There were a few reasons for my reluctance (1) I only part live on Grietjie, approx. although quite frequently, we also have other commitments and we travel quite a bit.  I had automatically assumed to be on the committee you had to permanently be on Grietjie.  (2) I had no idea what it would involve to be on this committee, to be quite honest, I had assumed the committee to be rather male, rather grey and rather mature in years (sorry guys), but just not the sort of forum that I felt I would ‘fit’ and (3) I was already committed to 4 other committees elsewhere in the world and with business and volunteer interests elsewhere.  So, all things considered, I could not see the likelihood of being a committee member.  Brian Sears, our good neighbour on plot 11 had other ideas and nominated me for the committee, which seemed to gain a momentum all of its own and before I could say ‘Wildebeest’ I was voted on the committee.

I left that meeting thinking “what the hell happened there”?  Ian, my husband, just kept quiet with a knowing smile.  He is quite often heard to say “I know my wife” (say no more)!

We are now coming to the close of my year on the GPNR Committee, it has been an experience and by that I mean it has been:  interesting, exciting, adventurous, demanding, fulfilling, fun, challenging and extremely rewarding.  I really had no idea of what to expect, but I did not expect this.

Of the committee members – what an amazing group of people and what a pleasure it has been to work with them all.  We were pretty much thrown together through the process of the elections and we had to (through monthly meetings and the occasional meet-ups), quickly find our feet in making it known what areas our skills and interest lie, so we could make a plan to consider the key priorities to achieve throughout the year, whilst attending to the operational needs of the reserve.  We have had some great laughs, we have also surprised ourselves in what we have achieved (Hans Chairman’s report will have the highlights of that), we had to learn to become diplomats (not one of my greatest skills), we had learnt so much about Bush considerations in land management, game management, Balule and the relevance of being part of a much bigger picture in the whole scheme of things.  All of this, whilst also having a new insight into issues facing our staff workers and the team supporting the operations within Grietjie.  Some may read this and think, “sod that, it all seems too much”.  Well, it is not, what I am explaining here is an amazing experience of diversity that we have here on Grietjie and from that and this beautiful reserve that we all live in, the pleasures of experiencing first hand why it is critical to analyse the game flow, why we need to take consideration of how we manage ourselves as we traverse from our homes to the gate and the consequences of this if things go wrong.  At the end of the day, we ALL have something in common, and that is GRIETJIE.

Through the leadership of Hans, who is so dedicated to his responsibilities as the Chairman of the Reserve, through the challenges faced by Johan as our previous Warden at a time when the anti-poaching issues escalated to the highest ever known in the Bush environment and through the combined knowledge, skills and dedication of my fellow committee members, also as my neighbours I can honestly say it was been such a privilege to have been able to serve the reserve, to have been part of the committee, to have been able to put a little back into this beautiful blessing of the land, the home of Grietjie.

Due to personal and business commitments, I have to step back from putting myself forward for another year.  I hope maybe the year after, I will be able to put myself forward (this time without a nudge) I am not sure if I can attend the AGM this year, but I wanted to make sure I shared a nugget of my experience to others, in the hope that you may open your minds and your hearts to Grietjie and put yourself forward to experience this amazing journey, for the reasons I have explained. If you wish to know more, please call me at any time and I will happily provide you with some orientation so your decision is one you feel informed and comfortable with.  If you do not want the full commitment of ‘committee’ then just volunteer some time to be co-opted or on one of the sub-groups and spread the load a little for the new committee coming through this year who will be doing their utmost to protect the reserve, sustain the value of our land and our homes and keep us and our fauna and flora safe.

Wishing you all well, your neighbour on #10.

 

AN EXTRAORDINARY DAY IN GRIETJIE         by Maxine Smith

ele

Our day started with a beautiful bush sunrise as we made our way over to Marius for 6:30am one morning. Marius Swart was our bush expert for the day and an eccentric one at that as he met us with a broad smile and bare feet!   After our welcome coffee, rush and a briefing on the day, we headed out with absolutely no expectations, but an open mind of the day ahead of us. We had no idea of what was to come.

Literally, just out the door, driving down to the 4-way stop we happened upon 3 Elephant bulls, and let us just say, “there the learning began…….”

Marius proved himself to be a great educator, he took the time to explain many aspects of the Elies, their habits, their logic and so many things we did not ever consider, especially when previously driving by and coming across an Elephant.

We were blessed that day as shortly after the 3 bulls sighting, a breeding herd came through with the smallest youngster in tow tucked amongst them. The day just got better with every minute and hour. Marius got us to a point of knowledge where we were so comfortable, and more importantly, the Elies were so comfortable with us; that we were able to park up, stand by the vehicle drinking coffee, nicely relaxed and surrounded by the breeding herd.  It was so funny when Hans (Grietjie Chairman) ambled by and gaped at us in wonderment as we stood there amongst these beautiful animals all of us minding our own business, enjoying the day.  Needless to say, Hans thought we had lost the plot!

We had a couple of ‘interesting’ situations with our Game viewer doing what aged Game viewers do well and yes, we broke down for a little while.   Interestingly enough we were not perplexed when waiting by the vehicle and ahead of us where the previously sighted 3 bulls gaining entry into the old Buffalo Farm. We knew how to behave and we were not a threat to them or them to us. Fortunately, eventually our temperamental vehicle regained its life and we were able to carry on the adventure.

As much as Ian and I previously and over many years have enjoyed our time in the Bush and our experience with the animals, that day on Grietjie with Marius and the Elephants was exceptional.  Marius knew exactly how to pre-empt the animal flow so we were able to literally spend the whole day with the Elies, pre-empting their every move so by the end of the day, the Elies assumed we were a natural part of the environment and they respected our presence, just as we were respecting theirs.  The night drive is something we will never forget. We were on the road coming back from Olifant North Gate and the herd were right there ahead of us, so we turned everything off (lights and engine), relaxed and had the herd brushing up against us around the game viewer as one.  The Elies were purring, literally around us and we were delighted.  This experience carried on for a while until we were interrupted with an oncoming vehicle. Approaching, as usual, way too fast, lights blazing and a little impatient to pass, the oncoming vehicle had an impact.  The mood of the herd changed immediately, not to us, but to the intruder, and they became immediately protective, cautious and slightly agitated.  Just goes to show, and confirms why education in the Bush is an essential part of living the bush life, the difference that a bit of time, knowledge, respect and appreciation can make to the experience of our wonderful day and night compared to the experience of those few minutes with the impatient driver!

We have decided to make every trip to Grietjie include a day with Marius Swart or Sean Pattrick to experience new animal behaviour experience.  As we drove around with Marius, he was as knowledgeable of the flora as he was the fauna so the experience was increased by having input onto the trees (which we have some unexpected species) on Grietjie.

P.S. Anyone interested in learning more about the animals we live amongst, here is Marius’ details:

Marius Swart
www.clearlyafrica.com
+27-82-254-2282
Skype: marius.swart72

clearly

Giraffe chased and killed by lions

A giraffe was chased by lions last night and ran into an electric fence and was killed by lions. The lions only ate a small part and then left the carcass in the bush. It has been transported away from any houses to allow for easy access by vultures onto the number 20 opposite airstrip. Within hours there were over 20 vultures eating the carcass. In the coming days we will no doubt see hyenas and jackals at the site.

Giraffe 2Giraffe 1

December photos from Antares

Here are just a few more photos taken from the Antares waterhole camera. It is nice to see the pictures, even better to see it in the flesh if your are lucky enough. Hope you have enjoyed some good game viewing over the festive season.

Lion and cubs

MDGC0548

MDGC0466

MDGC0465

MDGC0431

MDGC0422

MDGC0406

MDGC0298

MDGC0221

MDGC0206

MDGC0171

MDGC0152 (2)

MDGC0025 (2)
Photos taken from the Antares waterhole camera